16 September 2011

From Pergamum to Pergamon

 Origins.........Pergamum, Turkey
Ishtar Gate, (Tor) Lions, origins Turkey 180-60BC, now is on display in the Pergamon Museum

The Pergamon Museum is situated on the Museum Island in Berlin. The site was designed by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was constructed in twenty years, from 1910 to 1930. The Pergamon houses original-sized, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar, the Market Gate of Miletus, all consisting of parts transported from Turkey. There is controversy over the legitimacy of the acquisition of the collection. It was suggested that the collection should be returned to Turkey (original country of the excavations).
The museum is subdivided into the antiquity collection, the Middle East museum, and the museum of Islamic art.

In this photo see the portion of the gate to the right where the lions are located across the bottom to get a sense of the scale.

incredible details

Ishtar Gate, Origin of Turkey, re-constructed in Pergamon Museum, Germany

Nearly intact mosaic floor found in large peristyle residence, Pergamum.
 I love this parot mosaic!  Can't you imagine this in your home..... I want one!
Mosaic Pavement
 Pergamum, Turkey  has the usual Hellenistic/Roman pedigree--settled by Aeolians in the 8th century BCE.  This is the actual site of the Altar of Zues, considered to be one of the most magnificent altars of antiquity, after it was excavated completely by the Germans.
Zeus's Altar site, photo via 'roadeveron'

Turkey- Pergamum's Cliff Hanging Greek Theatre, photo via 'roadeveron'

site of Pergamum theatre and trajan temple, 1st century, photo via 'roadeveron'
 This is the re-constructed Zeus's Altar ... pieced back together inside the museum. Pretty Fascinating.

Zeus's Altar re-constructed
 The scale of this is amazing!  Can you believe they broke this entire city apart stone by stone and took it back to Germany.  Controversial to say the least.

Summerian Figure

Archaeology is so fascinating.  Preserving a culture and making it available for the public to see should be greatly appreciated.

photos via: 'The Road Ever On', Pergamon Museum, Berlin

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